Malaria is a disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. It is not contagious and cannot be spread directly from person-to-person, but it can still be fatal if left untreated. The most common symptoms of malaria include fever, chills, headache, vomiting and nausea. This article will discuss the types of malaria as well as how you can prevent this terrible disease from affecting your health or others’ health.
Symptoms of malaria include fever, chills, headache, vomiting and nausea. A blood test can determine if the illness is malaria or some other disease. The parasites that cause malaria are transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitos when they bite. There are several kinds of these mosquito, but only some carry the parasite that causes this disease. It is not possible to tell if a mosquito is infected with the disease by looking at it, but it is more likely to be an Anopheles if there are stagnant, still waters near where you live or work.
The first sign of malaria infection happens within one to four weeks after the mosquito has bitten someone infected with malaria. Symptoms worsen over time and can then disappear for anywhere from one day to several months. It is very important that if malaria symptoms appear, the person infected with this disease seeks medical treatment as soon as possible. In some cases, multiple types of malaria may be contracted at the same time.
Malaria parasites have been around for a long time even though it wasn’t identified and named until 1880. There are five different kinds of malaria; all of them affect humans but some types may also infect other animals such as birds, dogs or monkeys. All these types of malaria can be treated successfully when diagnosed in the early stages.
There are four types of malaria, and they’re all caused by different species of parasites
Malaria is what most people think of when they hear “fever” or “bad headache.” However, the more you learn about the different types of malaria, the less confusing it becomes. Here is a quick explanation on each type:
- Malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax, also known as tertian malaria, has a cycle of three days between insect bites.
- The second type is P. ovale which has a four day cycle and is usually found in Africa and India.
- The third type is P. malariae, which has a seven day cycle and can be found in Africa as well as parts of Asia and Latin America.
- Lastly, P. falciparum is the deadliest of all four types and has a cycle of 48 hours between insect bites. It can be found in Africa as well as some parts of Southeast Asia.
How it’s transmitted:
Each type of malaria is transmitted through a mosquito bite that contains blood from an infected person/animal. These mosquitoes can be found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, including but not limited to: South and Central America, Africa and Asia (specifically Papua New Guinea and islands in the Indian Ocean).
There’s a huge mix up about what type of malaria is transmitted through mosquito bites. For example, many people think P. falciparum is transmitted through mosquito bites. It’s actually the other way around. P. falciparum creates a parasite in a human host, and then spreads in malaria mosquitoes when they bite that human host.
Who is at risk:
People who live in or travel to malaria-endemic areas are at risk of getting malaria. This includes pregnant women because their immune systems are compromised during pregnancy
How long does it last:
Each type of malaria has a different timeline. For example, P. vivax can go dormant for months to years between infection cycles while others have no dormancy period at all.
In conclusion, you probably know that malaria is a disease caused by parasites. You may not know, however, that there are three different types of this illness: falciparum (most deadly), vivax and ovale. It’s important to understand how each type affects you so you don’t have to worry about being bitten again. The most common symptoms for all these diseases include fever and chills, but the severity varies from person-to-person because it depends on your age or if you’re pregnant!
For example, young children might only get fevers while adults can get life threatening complications like kidney failure or seizures due to encephalitis. Take care of yourself with plenty of fluids and rest when possible–and remember that prevention is better than cure.
Falciparum is the deadliest type of malaria, and it affects infants, pregnant women, and non-immune individuals. Its symptoms include convulsions, pancreatitis, pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs), renal failure, cerebella infarctions (decreased brain function), jaundice and hemorrhage.
Pregnant women are at most risk of developing the deadly falciparum malaria because their bodies are less able to mount an immune response against parasites . This is why it’s especially important for these women to take extra precaution (like covering up and using mosquito nets) and to seek medical attention as soon as possible.